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How to Change the Password of a User in PostgreSQL

Use the ALTER USER or ALTER ROLE statement to change/modify the password of a Postgres user. You can use the VALID UNTIL clause to specify the password’s expiry date and time.

How to Add or Drop Primary Key Constraints in PostgreSQL

Use the ADD CONSTRAINT or DROP CONSTRAINT clause with the ALTER TABLE command to add or drop a primary key constraint from a Postgres table.

How Do I Backup a PostgreSQL Database

Postgres offers a couple of standard tools/utilities, such as pg_dump and pg_dumpall, to back up a single or all databases.

How to Check/Get PostgreSQL Version?

To check which Postgres version is active on your system, users can run “psql –version” command from the command prompt, or the “SELECT VERSION()” command from SQL Shell.

How to Connect To PostgreSQL Database Server Using Python

Install “psycopg2” module, import it into your python program, and use the connect() function of “psycopg2” module to connect to the Postgres database server via python.

PostgreSQL ARRAY_APPEND() Function With Examples

Postgres provides an ARRAY_APPEND() function that is used to append/add elements at the end of the array. It accepts two parameters: an array and an element to be appended.

How to Get First Non-Null Value in PostgreSQL

To get the first non-null value in Postgres, an inbuilt function named COALESCE() is used. It accepts the “n” number of arguments and retrieves the first non-null value.

PostgreSQL OFFSET Clause With Practical Examples

In PostgreSQL, the OFFSET clause is used to skip some records before returning the result set of a query. By default, the OFFSET clause skipped the records from the top.

How to Compare Two Tables Using EXCEPT Operator in PostgreSQL

In PostgreSQL, the EXCEPT operator is used to compare multiple tables. It executes two SELECT queries and retrieves only those records that are not available in the second SELECT query.

PostgreSQL NOW() Function With Practical Examples

In Postgres, the NOW() function retrieves the current date and time along with the time zone(based on the database server’s setting).